THE HOUSE OF ALLAH.
It's Size and History!
The small, cubed building known as the Kaa'bah
may not rival skyscrapers in height or mansions in width, but its impact on history
and human beings is unmatched. The Kaa'bah is the building towards which Muslims
face five times a day, everyday, in prayer. This has been the case since the time
of Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) over 1400 years ago.
Size of the Kaba:
The current height of the Kaa'bah is 39 feet, 6 inches and total size comes
to 627 square feet.
The inside room of the Kaa'bah is 13X9 meters.
The Kaa'bah’s walls are one meter wide. The floor inside is 2.2 meters higher
than the place where people perform Tawaaf.
The ceiling and roof are two levels made out of wood. They were reconstructed
with teak which is capped with stainless steel.
The walls are all made of stone. The stones inside are unpolished, while the ones
outside are polished.
small building has been constructed and reconstructed by Prophets Adam, Ibrahim,
Ismail and Muhammad (peace be upon them all). No other building has had this honor.
Yet, not very much is known about the details of this small but significant building.
you know the Kaa'bah was reconstructed as recently as close to four years ago?
you know that the Kaa'bah has been subjected to danger by natural disasters like
flooding, as well as human attacks?
you didn’t keep reading. You’ll find some rarely heard of information discussed
below and discover facts about the Kaa'bah many are unaware of.
other names of the Kaa'bah Literally, Kaa'bah in Arabic means a high place
with respect and prestige. The word Kaa'bah may also be derivative of a word
meaning a cube. Some of these other names include:
ul Ateeq-which means, according to one meaning, the earliest and ancient.
According to the second meaning, it means independent and liberating. Both meanings
could be taken
ul Haram-the honorable house
Kaba has been reconstructed up to 12 times Scholars and historians say that the
Kaba has been reconstructed between five to 12 times. The very first construction
of the Kaba was done by Prophet Adam. Allah says in the Qur'ân that this was the
first house that was built for humanity to worship Allah. After this, Prophet
Ibrahim and Ismail rebuilt the Kaba. The measurements of the Kaa'bah's Ibrahimic
foundation are as follows:
eastern wall was 48 feet and 6 inches
Hateem side wall was 33 feet
side between the black stone and the Yemeni corner was 30 feet
Western side was 46.5 feet
this, there were several constructions before the Prophet Muhammad’s time. Reconstruction
of Kaa'bah by Quraish Prophet Muhammad participated in one of its reconstructions
before he became a Prophet. After a flash flood, the Kaba was damaged and its
walls cracked. It needed rebuilding. This responsibility was divided among the
Quraish’s four tribes. Prophet Muhammad helped with this reconstruction. Once
the walls were erected, it was time to place the Black Stone, (theHajar ul
Aswad) on the eastern wall of the Kaba. Arguments erupted about who would
have the honor of putting the Black Stone in its place. A fight was about to break
out over the issue, when Abu Umayyah, Makkah’s oldest man, proposed that the first
man to enter the gate of the mosque the following morning would decide the matter.
That man was the Prophet. The Makkans were ecstatic. "This is the trustworthy
one (Al-Ameen)," they shouted in a chorus. "This is Muhammad".
He came to them and they asked him to decide on the matter. He agreed. Prophet
Muhammad proposed a solution that all agreed to-putting the Black Stone on a cloak,
the elders of each of the clans held on to one edge of the cloak and carried the
stone to its place. The Prophet then picked up the stone and placed it on the
wall of the Kaa'bah. Since the tribe of Quraish did not have sufficient funds,
this reconstruction did not include the entire foundation of the Kaba as built
by Prophet Ibrahim. This is the first time the Kaba acquired the cubical shape
it has now unlike the rectangle shape which it had earlier.
portion of the Kaa'bah left out is called Hateem now. Construction After the Prophet’s
Time-Abdullah ibn az-Zubayr The Syrian army destroyed the Kaa'bah in Muharram
64 (Hijri date) and before the next Hajj Abdullah ibn az-Zubayr, may Allah be
pleased with him, reconstructed the Kaa'bah from the ground up.
az-Zubayr wanted to make the Kaba how the Prophet Muhammad wanted it, on the foundation
of the Prophet Ibrahim. Ibn az-Zubayr said, "I heard Aa'ishah (may Allah be
pleased with her) say, 'The Prophet said: "If your people had not quite recently
abandoned the Ignorance (Unbelief), and if I had sufficient provisions to rebuild
it [the Kaba], I would have added five cubits to it from the Hijr. Also, I would
make two doors; one for people to enter therein and the other to exit." (Bukhaaree).
az-Zubayr said, "Today, I can afford to do it and I do not fear the people. Ibn
az-Zubayr built the Kaba on Prophet Ibrahim’s foundation. He put the roof on three
pillars with the wood of Aoud (a perfumed wood with aroma which is traditionally
burned to get a good smell out of it in Arabia).In his construction he put two
doors, one facing the east the other facing the west, as the Prophet wanted but
did not do in his lifetime. He rebuilt the Kaa'bah on the Prophet Ibrahim’s foundation,
which meant that the Hateem area was included. The Hateem is the area adjacent
to the Kaa'bah enclosed by a low semi-circular wall.
ibn az-Zubayr also made the following additions and modifications:
a small window close to the roof of the Kaba to allow for light.
the door of the Kaba to ground level and added a second door to the Kaa'bah.
nine cubits to the height of the Kaa'bah, making it twenty cubits high.
walls were two cubits wide.
the pillars inside the House to three instead of six as were earlier built by
reconstruction, ibn az-Zubayr put up four pillars around Kaba and hung cloth over
them until the building was completed. People began to do Tawaf around these pillars
at all times, so Tawaf of the Kaa'bah was never abandoned,even during reconstruction.
Abdul Malik bin Marwan’s time
In 74 Hijri (or 693 according to
the Gregorian calendar), Al-Hajjaj bin Yusuf al-Thaqafi, the known tyrant of that
time, with the approval of Umayyad KHALIFAH Abdul Malik bin Marwan, demolished
what Ibn az-Zubayr had added to it from the older foundation of Prophet Ibrahim,
restore its old structure as the Quraish had it. Some of the changes he made were
rebuilt it in the smaller shape which is found today
out the Hateem
up the western door (whose signs are still visible today) and left the rest as
it was pulled down the wall in the Hateem area.
the wooden ladder Ibn az-Zubayr had put inside the Kaba.
the door's height by five cubits
Abdul Malik bin Marwan came for Umra and heard the Hadith that it was wish of
Prophet for the Kaa'bah to be constructed the way Abdullah ibn az-Zubayr had built
it, he regretted his actions.
Malik's advice to the KHALIFAH Harun al Rasheed Abbasi Khalifa Harun al Rasheed
wanted to rebuild the Kaa'bah the way the Prophet Muhammad wanted and the way
Abdullah ibn az-Zubayr built it. But when he consulted Imam Malik, the Imam asked
the KHALIFAH to change his mind because constant demolition and rebuilding is
not respectful and would become a toy in the hands of kings. Each one would want
to demolish and rebuild the Kaa'bah.Based on this advice, Harun al Rasheed did
not reconstruct the Kaba. The structure remained in the same construction for
966 years, with minor repairs here and there.
during Sultan Murad Khan’s time
In the year 1039 Hijri, because of heavy
rain, flood and hail, two of the Kaabah’s walls fell down. The flood during which
this occurred took place on the 19th of Shaban 1039 Hijri which continued constantly,
so the water in the Kaba became almost close to half of its walls, about 10 feet
from the ground level. On Thursday the 20th of Shaban 1039 Hijri, the eastern
and western walls fell down. When flood receded on Friday the 21st of Shaban,
the cleanup started. Again, a curtain, the way Abdullah ibn az-Zubayr established
on 4 pillars, was put up, and the reconstruction started on the 26th of Ramadan.
The rest of the walls except for the one near the Black Stone, were demolished.
By the 2nd of Zul-Hijjah 1040 the construction was taking place under the guidance
of Sultan Murad Khan, the Ottoman Khalifa. From the point of the Black stone and
below, the current construction is the same as that done by Abdullah ibn az-Zubayr.
The construction which was done under the auspices of Murad Khan was exactly the
one done at the time of Abdul Malik ibn Marwan which is the way the Quraysh had
built it before Prophethood.On Rajab 28-1377, One historian counted the total
stones of the Kaba and they were 1,614. These stones are of different shapes.
But the stones which are inside the outer wall which is visible are not counted
of the Kaba In 1996
A major reconstruction of the Kaba took place between
May 1996 and October 1996. This was after a period of about 400 years (since Sultan
Murad Khan’s time). During this reconstruction the only original thing left from
the Kaa'bah are the stones. All other material has been replaced including the
ceiling and the roof and its wood.
is inside the Kaba?
are two pillars inside (others report 3 pillars)
is a table on the side to put items like perfume
are two lantern-type lamps hanging from the ceiling
space can accommodate about 50 people
are no electric lights inside
walls and floors are of marble
are no windows inside
is only one door
upper inside walls of the Kaba were covered with some kind of curtain with the
Kalimah written on it.